The Fujitsu Stylistic 3500 Tablet, Linux and Xubuntu

I have an old Fujistu Stylistic 3500 Tablet that I picked up cheap as hospital surplus, which usually sits in its cradle in the kitchen, handy for looking up recipes and playing music.  It came with Windows 2000 preloaded (and as surplus, ravaged by viruses) which it ran until last week, when I finally decided I have had enough of the venerable operating system, and decided to switch to something both more modern (unsurprisingly, a growing number of applications and updates refuse to run under Windows 2000 at all) and better able to make use of its aging hardware: a 500 Mhz Celeron with 256M of RAM.

Fujitsu Stylistic 3500

Fujitsu Stylistic 3500

In addition to upgrading the operating system, I decided to replace the hard drive with an IDE-SSD drive that I found on special.  This made an intuitive kind of sense, since if anything went wrong, I could just put the old hard drive back in.  On the minus side, this meant I had to install an operating system from scratch.

Hurdle #1:  Booting

The tablet is capable of booting from a grand total of two things:  the internal hard drive, and an external floppy drive on a proprietary port.  That’s it.  I do happen to have the Fujitsu floppy drive, so I figured all I have to do is boot a Linux installer from a floppy drive, and I’m all set.

Easier said than done, I guess.  The tablet has one USB port, and the tablet itself needs software to drive the pen interface, so a USB hub and keyboard are necessary, plus a mouse for virtually any operating system’s installer these days.  After some trial-and-error, I burned Xubuntu’s installer to a physical CD, and attached a CD-ROM drive to a USB->IDE interface on the same hub.

It looked like a DOS boot disk was the way to go, since the tablet couldn’t directly boot from the CD-ROM drive, and Xubuntu doesn’t seem to have a ready-made boot floppy.  Naturally, this would require keyboard, mouse, and CD-ROM to first be available to DOS.

However, certain USB drivers would disable the mouse and keyboard when they loaded — which put a damper on being able to actually do anything once they located the CD-ROM drive.  I finally located a combination of drivers that allowed my mouse and keyboard to keep working while mounting the CD-ROM drive (rather oddly, as C:, since there were no recognizable partitions on the IDE-SSD drive, it didn’t show up at all.  No problem, though, the Linux kernel will sort it out.)

Once DOS booted and I could see the CD-ROM, I used lnload97.com to actually boot the kernel from the CD-ROM.

For those wishing to follow a similar path, I present the Fujitsu Stylistic 3500 boot diskette:  [Stylistic-3500.zip]

This is based on a USB driver diskette I located and updated; if your CD-ROM doesn’t show up as C:, or you’re installing a Linux distribution other than Xubuntu 9.10, you’ll need to edit “bootl.bat” before you run it — it should be pretty straightforward.

And the first hurdle is cleared as the Xubuntu installer is able to install Xubuntu on the tablet’s new SSD hard drive.  However, I’m not out of the woods yet.

Hurdle #2:  Networking

I decided to get the network working first, because experience has shown that everything is simpler when a computer can connect to the network.  I have a PCMCIA card for connecting to the wireless network, a Netgear WN511B, that frankly was a little flaky under Windows.  Xubuntu recognizes it, sort of, but can’t communicate to it.

First, I tried ndiswrapper to load the Windows drivers, which worked in the sense that it looked like I had a wireless card, but wpa_supplicant proved unable to connect to my WPA2-encypted network.  I also tried bcm43xx-fwcutter, which failed even more dismally.

The output of my lspci led me to seek a new path:

01:00.0 Network controller: Broadcom Corporation BCM43XG (rev 01)

As it turns out, Broadcom released a proprietary driver for BCM43?? chipsets, and although the BCM43XG isn’t specifically listed on the driver’s page, it works beautifully, at full n- speeds.

The driver’s page is here:  [802.11 Linux STA driver]

Aside from everything in the README.txt listed on that page, I added “lib80211” and “wl” to /etc/modules in order to have the driver loaded on boot.  Upon booting, the card was recognized, the wireless lan came up, and … it asked for my keyring password.

On a side note, I got the driver onto the Xubuntu tablet in the first place by loading it onto a USB flash drive; Xubuntu recognized the drive right away, and it was a simple matter of copying over the file.

Hurdle #3:  Keyring Password

With a keyboard, typing a keyring password isn’t really a big deal, as I did the first time I connected to my wireless network.  Without a keyboard, this is a considerable chore, if not outright impossible.

This is pretty easy to fix — go to ~user/.gnome2/keyrings and delete the keyring, then reboot, and next time, don’t enter a keyring password at all.  While this is less secure (the keys are stored in plaintext) it does have the advantage of not having to enter the password each time.

At this point, I installed sshd, so I could log in to it remotely, and make my life a little easier.

sudo aptitude update
sudo aptitude install openssh-server

Hurdle #4:  The Touchscreen

The touchscreen on a Stylistic 3500 shows up as a serial device, and some kind soul has already written a driver for X.

sudo aptitude install xserver-xorg-input-fpit setserial

The serial device needs to be set up, too, which can be done by creating a file called “/etc/serial.conf” and adding:

/dev/ttyS1 uart 16450 port 0xfd68 irq 5 low_latency baud_base 115200 spd_normal skip_test

The next step is to add the driver to xorg.conf … except that Xubuntu, like a lot of modern Linux distributions, doesn’t actually provide or ship with xorg.conf at all, instead relying on autodetection.  So in order to get the stylus to work, one must first create an xorg.conf.  This is most easily accomplished by killing X — Xubuntu helpfully tries to respawn X, so I took the hack-ish but expedient route of putting a junk file into /etc/X11/xorg.conf (I simply wrote the word “sampo” in it, which is not a valid configuration, which keeps X from respawning) then issued a kill command to the pid running X.  Then:

X -configure

Generated an xorg.conf that I could edit to add in the touchscreen bits.  (Parts already there are in red, my additions are in black.)

Section "ServerLayout"
 Identifier     "X.org Configured"
 Screen      0  "Screen0" 0 0
 InputDevice    "Touchscreen"
 InputDevice    "Mouse0" "CorePointer"
 InputDevice    "Keyboard0" "CoreKeyboard"
EndSection

Section "InputDevice"
 Identifier "Touchscreen"
 Driver "fpit"
 Option "Device" "/dev/ttyS1"
 Option "BaudRate" "9600"
 Option "Passive"
 Option "CorePointer"
 Option "SendCoreEvents"
 Option "MinimumXPosition" "0"
 Option "MinimumYPosition" "0"
 Option "TrackRandR"      "on"
EndSection

And I now have a working stylus.  I spent a surprising amount of time fooling around before I discovered the “TrackRandR” configuration parameter — during which my stylus worked on a postage-stamp sized corner of the tablet while the pointer shot everywhere.

Hurdle #5: remote Administration

I can administer the tablet via sshd already, but it’s handy to have remote console access, since a lot of settings are much easier to set via a GUI than by poking around the command line.  So, to provide VNC-capability for the console:

sudo aptitude install xinetd x11vnc

I considered it a good idea to set a password:

x11vnc -storepasswd

Then created a file called /etc/xinetd.d/x11vnc to launch it on demand:

service x11vnc
{
 port            = 5900
 type            = UNLISTED
 socket_type     = stream
 protocol        = tcp
 wait            = no
 user            = root
 server          = /usr/bin/x11vnc
 server_args     = -inetd -o /var/log/x11vnc.log -display :0 -auth /var/lib/gdm/:0.Xauth -many -bg -rfbauth /root/.vnc/passwd
 disable         = no
}

Hurdle #6:  gksudo and an on-screen keyboard

I used Applications->Add/Remove to add Matchbox, an on-screen keyboard, and immediately gksu popped up to request administrative rights…  which greyed out the rest of the screen, making it impossible to actually use an on-screen keyboard to enter a password.  Luckily, this is just a setting in gksudo called “Disable-grab.”  Since I could already VNC into the tablet, this actually wasn’t much of a hurdle.

Verdict

Between the IDE-SSD drive and Xubuntu, the tablet is dramatically faster than it ever was under Windows 2000.  A lot of the tablet’s use is surfing the net via Firefox, which launches and renders faster than it ever did.

Surprisingly, wireless networking is also much improved: Windows 2000 would often have trouble reconnecting to the network after rebooting, and despite being an “n” wireless card, seemed slow.  Now it’s quite stable, and runs at a full 130mbps.

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16 Responses to The Fujitsu Stylistic 3500 Tablet, Linux and Xubuntu

  1. fst_creeper says:

    So, do you have the model number for the floppy drive? I’ve been looking for one and have not found it yet.

  2. Queued says:

    The model is a Fujitsu FPCFDD02

  3. Mark Syred says:

    Hi there,

    I am trying to access the internet with a Netgear WN511B wireless card on xubuntu 9.10, as you were. I have tried the forums but not getting much help. I’ve downloaded the driver adn read the readme, but I’m confused! Please can you help a complete novice at this.

    Many thanks,

    Mark

  4. queued says:

    Certainly — once you unpack the driver, you should have a directory called “hybrid_wl.”
    Type “make” and then “make install” to build and copy the driver to the correct paths.
    Type “depmod” to have the drivers recognized by the kernel.
    Type “modprobe lib80211” and “modprobe wl” to load the kernel modules. (At this point, it should be showing up as a network interface and you can configure it in the UI.)
    Add “lib80211” and “wl” to “/etc/modules” to have the drivers load upon booting.

    Note: every time you upgrade the kernel, you’ll need to go through the above steps.

  5. Mark Syred says:

    Thanks for your very quick help with this.

    It’s becoming clearer. But, how do I unpack the driver? And, where do I type all that you suggest?

    Any help would be most appreciated.

    Mark

  6. queued says:

    You’ll need to open a terminal window, Applications->Accessories->Terminal.
    To unpack a *.tar.gz file, type “tar -xvfz [filename]”

  7. Mark Syred says:

    I have followed the instructions on the readme and was having some success until the Terminal started telling me I didn’t have permission to do what I was trying to do.

    This is what happened:

    b43 122136 0
    ssb 35300 1 b43
    led_class 4096 2 b43,rt2x00lib
    mac80211 181236 3 b43,rt2x00pci,rt2x00lib
    cfg80211 93052 3 b43,rt2x00lib,mac80211
    jane@jane-laptop:~/hybrid_wl$ rmmod b43
    ERROR: Removing ‘b43’: Operation not permitted
    jane@jane-laptop:~/hybrid_wl$ rmmod ssb
    ERROR: Module ssb is in use by b43
    jane@jane-laptop:~/hybrid_wl$ echo “blacklist ssb” >> /etc/modprobe.d/blacklist.conf
    bash: /etc/modprobe.d/blacklist.conf: Permission denied
    jane@jane-laptop:~/hybrid_wl$ echo “blacklist b43” >> /etc/modprobe.d/blacklist.conf
    bash: /etc/modprobe.d/blacklist.conf: Permission denied
    jane@jane-laptop:~/hybrid_wl$ modprobe lib80211
    FATAL: Error inserting lib80211 (/lib/modules/2.6.31-14-generic/kernel/net/wireless/lib80211.ko): Operation not permitted
    jane@jane-laptop:~/hybrid_wl$ rmmod wl
    ERROR: Module wl does not exist in /proc/modules
    jane@jane-laptop:~/hybrid_wl$ insmod wl.ko
    insmod: error inserting ‘wl.ko’: -1 Operation not permitted
    jane@jane-laptop:~/hybrid_wl$ fa

    The last line I had typed was:
    lsmod | grep “b43\|ssb\|wl”

    Should I try to get permission to follow the instructions in the readme, or should I just follow your instructions instead.

    Thanks again for your help so far.

  8. queued says:

    Most, if not all, of those commands need to be executed as root, which you can accomplish in one of two ways:

    “sudo su -” to become root, or
    “sudo ” before each command

  9. Mark Syred says:

    Man, you are so quick and helpful!

    I’ll give that a try tomorrow.

    I’m liking this about linux already: if anyone’s got a problem there’s always someone who can help. I’m seriously starting to think of making my main laptop linux too.

  10. Mark Syred says:

    Thank-you. Thank-you. Thank-you.

    My old laptop is now connected to the internet and downloading updates as I type. There’s just one more thing I’m not sure how to do. How do you “Add “lib80211″ and “wl” to “/etc/modules” to have the drivers load upon booting.”?

    Thanks again.

  11. queued says:

    /etc/modules is an editable text file, so if there’s an editor you’re comfortable with, you can open it with that (note that it requires root access to edit, so “sudo” or “sudo su -” will be necessary.)

    Alternatively:
    sudo echo “lib80211” >> /etc/modules
    sudo echo “wl” >> /etc/modules

  12. Mark Syred says:

    I’m really sorry to ask you about this again after all the help you’ve been. But, I’ve followed all your instructions and the instructions in the readme. The Netgear wn511b card turned on and found our network. I also managed to edit /etc/modules.

    Unfortunately though, when I’ve restarted the laptop, the network manager tells me there is no network connection and the wireless card doesn’t switch on. What am I doing wrong?!

  13. queued says:

    I’d first check to see if the modules are loaded:
    sudo lsmod
    If not, you can load them manually — and you’ll want to check /etc/modules to see what’s going on.
    If they don’t load manually, you’ll want to go through the steps below.
    Nota Bene: Each time you upgrade the kernel, you’ll need to rebuild/reinstall the drivers.

  14. ArnoMaF says:

    Hey Dude, you got an IDE-SSD working on the Stylistic 3500. Which exactly?
    Doesit play a role what size or kind of SSD?

  15. Queued says:

    I bought a cheap IDE-SSD drive; anything that’s 2.5″ and PATA should work fine, as long as the BIOS recognizes it, it should be able to boot from it. Since it works just like an IDE drive, there’s not a lot of difference between it and a traditional drive (except, of course, it’s cooler, faster, and quieter.) I got mine on special for $99, I believe it’s a 16G Transcend model.

  16. peter says:

    There may be an alternate method to install an Linux OS, e.g. Debian with Lxde
    – use another computer to install the Linux distro onto a 2,5″ hard drive, do not install any graphical user interface. Just a minimal server installation with e.g. sshd
    – now put the prepared 2,5″ hard drive into your Styslistic Tablet, the OS should boot.
    – install a GDM (e.g. Lxde) and some tools and you should be done.
    I think this prevents you from having problems with a boot diskette.

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